Glossary Of Terms - The Water Source
Your Clear Choice For Clean Water.

Activated carbon – Porous material comprised of carbon fibers or powder that attracts volatile organic compounds in water for filtering.

Acidity – The level of free hydrogen ions in water.

Adsorption – The process of ions, molecules, or atoms attaching to a surface.

Aeration – The circulation of air through water.

Alkalinity – A measure of the neutralizing ability of acids and bases in water.

Aquifer – An underground body of water surrounded by rock formations.

Arsenic – Arsenic is an odorless and tasteless naturally occurring element naturally found in rocks and soil in groundwater.

Bacteria & Viruses – Single celled microorganisms that lack an organized nucleus some of which can cause disease.

Brackish Water – A mixture of fresh water and salt water

Brine – A water solution that contains a high concentration of salts.

Brine Tank – A vessel that stores the brine solution used in the water softening process.

Buffer – A solution that neutralizes acidity or basicity to maintain the desired pH.

Calcium Carbonate – A chemical compound naturally occurring in rock formations commonly found in wells and groundwater.

Chlorination – The process of adding chlorine to a body of water.

Chloramine – A chemical disinfectant used in many public water treatment facilities as an alternative to chlorine.

Clay – These suspended solids may be present in the drinking water if they are not entirely filtered out.

Deionization – A capacitive process that exchanges positive ions with negative ions to remove salts in the water.

Disinfection – The use of chemicals to kill bacteria in water.

Filtration – The process of removing unwanted particles in water.

Flow rate – The speed in which a volume of water passes between two points.

Fluoridation – The process of adding fluoride to the public water supply to aid in preventing tooth decay.

Groundwater – An underground body of water.

Hard Water – Elevated levels of dissolved mineral deposits in the water, such as calcium and magnesium.

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) – A colorless, flammable gas that is found in some groundwater and private wells. It is characterized by a “rotten egg” like odor.

Ion – An atom or molecule that contains a positive or negative charge.

Ion Exchange – A chemical process that swaps positively charged calcium and magnesium ions with negatively charged sodium and potassium ions for water softening.

Lead – A heavy metal used in plumbing and fixtures that can be harmful when ingested in drinking water.

Lime Scale – A chalky or powdery substance comprised of calcium deposits that accumulates in plumbing, appliances, and fixtures that use hard water, especially when the water is heated.

Iron & Manganese – An essential mineral nutrient often found in iron but can cause hard water stains when elevated amounts are in the water.

Magnesium – An essential nutrient that helps regulate bodily functions that contributes to hard water when elevated levels are present in the water supply.

Methane – A colorless, odorless, and flammable gas that can naturally occur in groundwater or wells due to contamination from decaying organic matter in the soil.

Parasite – A living plant or animal organism that can enter the human body through contaminated water that can cause illness or disease.

pH (potential of hydrogen) – A measurement of water’s acidity or basicity on a scale of 1 to 14. Neutral or pure water has a pH level of 7. A pH level under 7 is considered acidic, while over water that is higher than a pH of 7 is considered alkaline.

PFOA / PFOS – Perfluoro-octanoic (PFOA) acid and perfluoro-octane sulfonate (PFOS) are man-made chemicals that you don’t typically expect to find in the water.

Poor Appliance Performance – Water quality problems like hard water, low pH, and elevated levels or iron, manganese, and sulfides can lead to poor appliance performance.

Resin – A polymer material that absorbs organic compounds during water filtration.

Reverse Osmosis – The use of water pressure to push impurities in water through a semi-permeable membrane for water filtration and purification.

Semi-Permeable Membrane – A synthetic polymer material containing tiny holes that trap contaminants in water during reverse osmosis water filtration.

Scaling, Staining & Spotting – If you see scaling, staining, and spotting in your coffee maker, dishwasher, sinks, toilets, washing machine, and other appliances, you probably have a hard water problem.

Sulfur – The foul odor is due to hydrogen sulfides in the groundwater or well.

Turbidity – A measure of the loss of water transparency that occurs when high levels of dissolved solids are present in water.

Virus – A DNA or RNA genetic material surrounded by a protein nucleus that causes infection in the person it invades.

Water conditioning – A water treatment agent that aids in the removal of impurities in drinking water.

Water softening – A treatment process that reduces water hardness.

Water Treatment and Purification Systems

The Water Source, your choice for cleaner water. We offer water softener treatment, filtration, and purification systems. Enjoy pure, crystal clear, great-tasting water for home and business.

Schedule Your Water Test Today – Providing water treatment and purification systems in Newburgh, Phoenicia, Hopewell Junction, New Paltz, Brewster, and many more communities. Your clear choice for clean, pure water in your home or at your business!