Types of Drinking Water Filtration Systems
There are many different types of drinking water filtration systems available, from counter-top and under-sink units to whole-home systems. Determining which method is best for your home depends on various factors, including water quality and household water consumption. Understanding your current water quality is essential to ensure the water filtration system you use will remove the specific impurities currently in your drinking water. You will need to test the water to determine the type and level of pollutants that are currently present in the water.
Activated Carbon Filters
An activated carbon or charcoal filter is one of the most common types of filters used in many retail water filtration systems. It is a spongy, porous material that adsorbs various contaminants and impurities, removing them from the drinking water. Activated carbon filters can remove chlorine, sediment, volatile organic compounds, and other particulate matter that contributes to bad taste and odor. However, they are not effective for removing minerals, salts, and other dissolved solids.
Ion exchange is one of the most effective water filtration methods for removing minerals like calcium and magnesium that cause hard water scaling. It is a process that exchanges calcium ions and magnesium ions with sodium ions as the water flows through the resin beads in the storage tank to filter and soften the water. The filtered water exits the storage tank, and clean, clear, and pure water flows to all faucets throughout the home or business.
Reverse Osmosis (RO) is a water filtration system that removes the widest variety of impurities in the drinking water, including salts, chemicals, bacteria, viruses, heavy metals, and minerals. It uses a semi-permeable membrane that contains micron pores that are so tiny only water molecules can pass through, trapping any impurities in the drinking water. The purified water is crystal clear and odor-free with a crisp, clean, refreshing taste.
Ultraviolet (UV) disinfection is a new technology that disinfects harmful bacteria in the water without chemicals like chlorine. The UV frequencies attack the microorganism’s DNA cells destroying up to 99.9% of harmful bacteria. Since UV water disinfection doesn’t remove chemicals, metals, or dissolved solids, it is often used in conjunction with reverse osmosis or other water filtration systems for a complete drinking water solution.
Water distillation is a purification process that boils water into steam to remove lead, sediment, and other pollutants in the water. The system consists of a boiling chamber and distiller. The contaminants remain in the boiling chamber while the evaporated water cools in the distiller. While water distillation is highly effective purification, it requires more energy and is slower than other water filtration systems. Many individuals find the bland taste of distilled water unappealing.
Free Water Test
The Water Source offers a free comprehensive in-home water test that will screen for a wide variety of contaminants in your drinking water. Once we know what’s in your water, we can recommend the right type of water filtration system that will provide crystal clear, pure, and healthy drinking water for your home or business.